Everything outside the vehicle (FORMS A, B, C) and Coupling: verbally Tell the examiner what are you inspecting for; however, for the "inside the Cabin" and "Air Brakes" inspections Demonstrate to examiner the inspection you are performing. So when you are INSIDE the vehicle You MUST TELL the examiner what are you doing, why you doing it, what are expecting
Each of he three Inspection Forms (A, B, and C) will include an inspection of one axel - that part is almost 50% of the tasks included in each Form; thus, you must know how to inspect an axel, and since they are all about the same, the task is a repetition. Certain Vocabulary is also repeated throughout the performance of inspection to describe the "Condition" or "Status" of the item you are inspecting.
Here are some abbreviations used throughout the Pre-Trip Inspection; for all metallic/plastic/glass items USE: "Not Broken/Cracked/ or Bent", and Properly Mounted and Secured • “BCB” / “PMS”. As for all Rubber hoses and tires, use: "No Abrasion, Bubbles/Bulges, Cuts, Dry-rot, Frayed, or Kinked - you can remember this as in "ABCDFK”. Anything contains Liquid or Air should be Not-Leaking “NL”, and all metallic parts should be Not Rusted "NR". You always can say and check more than what’s required– but cannot say less
Visually INSPECT Outside of Vehicle: The vehicle is Leveled, No leaks’ puddles under the truck; Head Lights-clear in color, clean, BCB-PMS; Signals and Clearance lights are Amber in color, clean PMS/BCB
Raise the Hood – Start at passenger side then go to Driver side. Point to the rubber hoses – ABCDFK/PMS/NL, Clamps are present and secured; No signs of excessive leaks at the side of the engine block. Water pump: Belt-Driven, BCB-PMS/NL, Belt tension is less than 3/4”. Radiator BCB-PMS/NL, NR; Coolant Reservoir – BCB-PMS/NL, cap is present and secured, coolant at sufficient level, NL. Alternator: Belt-driven, BCB-PMS, Cable are tight to the back of alternator, Belt tension is less than 3/4.
Driver side: Engine-oil Cap – BCB-PMS, Oil-dip-stick – BCB-PMS / say "I will use the dip-stick to ensure the engine has sufficient amount of oil between add and max", no signs of excessive oil leak at this side of the engine. Air Compressor: is Gear-Driven, BCB-PMS, lines and fittings are secured-NL, Steering Hydraulic oil Pump, Gear-Driven, BCB-PMS, NL, Hydraulic Oil Reservoir cap is secured, BCB-PMS, NL, "I will check for sufficient Hydraulic fluid level between add and max".
Steering Components: Steering column: BCB-PMS, the “U” joints BCB-PMS free of debris, properly greased Steering Box BCB-PMS, NL, Hoses ABCDF, power steering hoses properly secured-CT/ABCDFK/NL Check Steering Linkage all the way from the box to the axel; Pitman Arm, tie-road, castle-nut, Carter Pins – all BCM-PMS
Axel Components: Suspension, Break, and Wheels
Suspension Parts – INSPECT: (a) Spring Mounts (Front and Rear) BCP-PMS, Bushing are not torn or missing,(b) Leaf-springs are BCB-PMS, aligned/Not shifted, NR, (c) U-Bolts are BCB-PMS, Not shifted, NR, (d) Shock Absorbent is straight, BCB-PMS, NL.
Break Parts – Inspect: (a) Break Air-Hoses, Fittings are PMS/ABCDFK/NL, (b) Break Chamber BCB-PMS/NL/NR, Band is tied, PMS (c) Push Rod, Straight, should not travel more than ONE inch when paddle depressed, , BCB/PMS/NR, (d) Slack Adjuster, Straight, BCB/PMS/NR, properly secured to the back of the push rod, (e) The Drum (inside the wheel) PMS, BCB, NR, Not Welded, No holes, the surface is smooth, free of oil and grease; (f) Break lining (Pads) are sufficient – at-least ¼ inch thick, PMS, not chipped, free of oil/grease/fluid
Wheel Parts – Inspect: (a) The tire PMS/NL/ABCDFK, has at-least 4/32 tread depth, no nails, no flat (bold) spots, no uneven wearing;(b) the walls of the tires (inside/outside) have Not Splits, cuts/Bubbles; (c) the valve stem is straight/NL, Cap is present and PMS, SAY "I will check tire pressure with a gage for proper inflation", (d) The Rim has good bead to the tire, BCB/NR, Not Welded, PMS, Lug-nuts – non is missing, are tight with no signs or rust or metallic debris; and (e) Axel Seal, PMS, NL/NR, nuts – are tight and non is missing