Everything outside the vehicle (FORMS A, B, C) and Coupling: verbally Tell the examiner what are you inspecting for; however, for the "inside the Cabin" and "Air Brakes" inspections Demonstrate to examiner the inspection you are performing. So when you are INSIDE the vehicle You MUST TELL the examiner what are you doing, why you doing it, what are expecting
Each of he three Inspection Forms (A, B, and C) will include an inspection of one axel - that part is almost 50% of the tasks included in each Form; thus, you must know how to inspect an axel, and since they are all about the same, the task is a repetition. Certain Vocabulary is also repeated throughout the performance of inspection to describe the "Condition" or "Status" of the item you are inspecting.
Here are some abbreviations used throughout the Pre-Trip Inspection; for all metallic/plastic/glass items USE: "Not Broken/Cracked/ or Bent", and Properly Mounted and Secured • “BCB” / “PMS”. As for all Rubber hoses and tires, use: "No Abrasion, Bubbles/Bulges, Cuts, Dry-rot, Frayed, or Kinked - you can remember this as in "ABCDFK”. Anything contains Liquid or Air should be Not-Leaking “NL”, and all metallic parts should be Not Rusted "NR". You always can say and check more than what’s required– but cannot say less
Visually INSPECT the Trailer from outside: (a) Front of trailer – no holes, cracks, or missing rivets or bolts, welds are not broken (b) Lights on trailes’ sides. Amber in Front Red in the Back Clean, BCB, PMS (c) Landing Gear is all-the-way-up, is straight - BCB, NR, bracing is firmly secured to the frame, landing pads are whole, not bent – BCB, handle is serviceable and secured (d) Frame is straight, BCB, NR, no illegal welding or holes, cross-members are straight – BCB, PMS, NR, no holes in the floor of the trailer
(e) Mud-Flaps, are whole, PMS/BCB, Properly distant from the surface (f) Rear door(s) clean, not damaged, no holes, no broken welds, open and close and properly latch, hinges BCB, no missing bolts, rubber seals not cut or ripped (g) Rear lights are red in color, clean, BCB, PMS; (h) Reflectors / Reflector tape Clean, firmly secured not peeling or missing
Axel Components: Suspension, Break, and Wheels
Suspension Parts – INSPECT: (a) Spring Mounts (Front and Rear) BCP-PMS, Bushing are not torn or missing,(b) Leaf-springs are BCB-PMS, aligned/Not shifted, NR, (c) U-Bolts are BCB-PMS, Not shifted, NR, (d) Shock Absorbent is straight, BCB-PMS, NL.
Break Parts – Inspect: (a) Break Air-Hoses, Fittings are PMS/ABCDFK/NL, (b) Break Chamber BCB-PMS/NL/NR, Band is tied, PMS (c) Push Rod, Straight, should not travel more than ONE inch when paddle depressed, , BCB/PMS/NR, (d) Slack Adjuster, Straight, BCB/PMS/NR, properly secured to the back of the push rod, (e) The Drum (inside the wheel) PMS, BCB, NR, Not Welded, No holes, the surface is smooth, free of oil and grease; (f) Break lining (Pads) are sufficient – at-least ¼ inch thick, PMS, not chipped, free of oil/grease/fluid
Wheel Parts – Inspect: (a) The tire PMS/NL/ABCDFK, has at-least 4/32 tread depth, no nails, no flat (bold) spots, no uneven wearing;(b) the walls of the tires (inside/outside) have Not Splits, cuts/Bubbles; (c) the valve stem is straight/NL, Cap is present and PMS, SAY "I will check tire pressure with a gage for proper inflation", (d) The Rim has good bead to the tire, BCB/NR, Not Welded, PMS, Lug-nuts – non is missing, are tight with no signs or rust or metallic debris; and (e) Axel Seal, PMS, NL/NR, nuts – are tight and non is missing