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Performing Pre-Trip Form-A Inspection

Standard of Performance 

Everything outside the vehicle (FORMS A, B, C) and Coupling: verbally Tell the examiner what are you inspecting for; however, for the "inside the Cabin" and "Air Brakes" inspections Demonstrate to examiner the inspection you are performing. So when you are INSIDE the vehicle You MUST TELL the examiner what are you doing, why you doing it, what are expecting

Pre-Trip inspection is all about repetition

 Each of he three Inspection Forms (A, B, and C) will include an inspection of one axel - that part is almost 50% of the tasks included in each Form; thus, you must know how to inspect an axel, and since they are all about the same, the task is a repetition.  Certain Vocabulary is also repeated throughout the performance of inspection to describe the "Condition" or "Status" of the item you are inspecting.

Common Vocabulary 

 Here are some abbreviations used throughout the Pre-Trip Inspection; for all metallic/plastic/glass items USE: "Not Broken/Cracked/ or Bent", and Properly Mounted and Secured • “BCB” / “PMS”. As for all Rubber hoses and tires, use: "No Abrasion, Bubbles/Bulges, Cuts, Dry-rot, Frayed, or Kinked - you can remember this as in "ABCDFK”. Anything contains Liquid or Air should be Not-Leaking “NL”, and all metallic parts should be Not Rusted "NR".  You always can say and check more than what’s required– but cannot say less


Seatbelt, Safety Equipment, Windshield, Mirrors, Gages and light indicators, Steering Wheel, Horns, wipers, Heater-Defroster, Brakes

(a)Seated, check seatbelt PMS, not cut split or frayed, latches properly. (b) have Fully-charged Fire Extinguisher is Serviceable and PMS, 3-red reflective triangle and spare fuses/breakers are present (c) The windshield is clean, PMS, BCB, no illegal stickers, (d) The Mirrors are adjusted to me, PMS, BCB, no illegal sticker or equipment


Tell the examiner -: 1. I am making sure the gear in in neutral position – gear in neutral 2. Turn the key to “ON” to activate gages – say “ABS” light should turn off 3. Start the Engine Tell the examiner AS YOU POINT to the relevant gage: - (a) The Oil pressure gage is rising to proper pressure reading immediately (b) The Coolant Temperature gage is climbing to safe range reading 160-180 (c) The Voltmeter gage climbing to safe range reading of 12-14 volts (d) The Air Tanks pressure is rising to Governor cut-off range TELL the Examiner: The tanks will purge when air pressure reaches Governor Cut-Off range

(e) Check Light Indicators, Right/Left Signals/ 4-way flasher/ High beam (f) "SAY" This is a 20” Steering wheel it is PMS-BCB, clean; it has no more than (10) degrees free-play (g) Check Air and Standard Horns

 (h) Turn-On / Check the heater then switch to Defroster (reach for hot air)

 (i) Turn-On / Check windshield wipers TELL the Examiner: (1) The Wipers operates properly, they are PMS, the metallic arms are straight, PMS-BCB, the Rubber blades are not cut/split/Dry Rotted, and they have good contact with the windshield surface. (2) Activate windshield wiper fluid (squirt) and – TELL the Examiner the windshield washing pump operates properly

Breaks Inspection

TELL the Examiner Now I will check the brakes after reaching governor cut-off

(1) Check Truck Parking Brake: (a) Release Trailer’s parking brake, put the truck in gear and try to tug gently (move forward), The truck should not move; tell examiner: The truck parking brake performed properly; now I will check the Trailer’s parking brake; ii. Put the gear in neutral;

(2) Check Trailer Parking Brake: (a) Apply Trailer’s Parking Brake, Release Truck Parking Brake, put the truck in gear and tug gently (move forward), The truck should not move; tell examiner: The Trailer parking brake performed properly; SAY: now I will check the Service Brake;

 (3)Check Service Break: (a) put the Truck in gear, (b)Release Truck and Trailer’s parking brakes and slowly move forward to speed of 5-miles per hour, (c) break with the steering wheel infirmly held, the truck should stop and the wheel should remain straight (not turned). (d) Tell the examiner: The truck service brake performed properly; and the wheel has not turned right or left - That conclude the Break test, next I will perform the Air Brake System check

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