For the purpose of the CDL Test to become a Professional Commercial Driver, the Pre-Trip inspection of your Truck and Trailer is a pre-requisite for advancing to the actual driving portion of the exam. If you fil he pre-trip inspection, you will not be tested on your skills of driving a semi truck. In real everyday practice of Professional Commercial Drivers, the pre-trip inspection is a life-saver. It protect drivers from liability should something goes wrong with the truck during the trip - if the pre-trip inspection is done right; an more important it will help in keeping you, and the other users of the roadway safe.
The Pre-Trip portion of the CDL Test consist of Four-Parts, First part is an inspection of certain part of the vehicle which is guided by the type of card you will blindly-choose. The examiner will ask you to select one of FOUR cards he/she holds These cards are labeled "A", "B", "C", and "D". The A,B, or C cards will direct you to inspect certain part/components of the vehicle; card "D" means you will inspect the entire vehicle, the truck and trailer as well. -- this is part (1) of the FOUR-parts Pre-Trip Inspection exam. The Other three parts are mandatory for everyone. These parts are Coupling, in-cabin inspection, and the most important Air Brakes inspection. Links to each individual part are provided below
Everything outside the vehicle (FORMS A, B, C) and Coupling: verbally Tell the examiner what are you inspecting for; however, for the "inside the Cabin" and "Air Brakes" inspections Demonstrate to examiner the inspection you are performing. So when you are INSIDE the vehicle You MUST TELL the examiner what are you doing, why you doing it, what are expecting
Each of he three Inspection Forms (A, B, and C) will include an inspection of one axel - that part is almost 50% of the tasks included in each Form; thus, you must know how to inspect an axel, and since they are all about the same, the task is a repetition. Certain Vocabulary is also repeated throughout the performance of inspection to describe the "Condition" or "Status" of the item you are inspecting.
Here are some abbreviations used throughout the Pre-Trip Inspection; for all metallic/plastic/glass items USE: "Not Broken/Cracked/ or Bent", and Properly Mounted and Secured. "BCB" / "PMS". As for all Rubber hoses and tires, use: "No Abrasion, Bubbles/Bulges, Cuts, Dry-rot, Frayed, or Kinked - you can remember this as in "ABCDFK". Anything contains Liquid or Air should be Not-Leaking "NL", and all metallic parts should be Not Rusted "NR". You always can say and check more than what is required but cannot say less